When it comes to infertility, women aren’t the only ones who may need to seek help. In fact, nearly 4.7 million men under the age of 45 report seeing a fertility specialist at least once in their lifetime. There are many factors that may prevent a couple from conceiving. Among those factors are some health conditions that can cause low sperm count, poor motility, irregular morphology, and varicocele conditions. After a series of tests and examinations the woman is found healthy, her partner can receive fertility treatments to help the conception process along. Read on to learn about infertility treatment for men.
1. Varicocele Repair
Sometimes the veins in the scrotum become enlarged. It is also thought that these enlarged veins cause the scrotum to heat up, resulting in unhealthy sperm. While very common; many men who are affected by varicoceles undergo a surgery to block off the abnormal veins. For many men, this can be a significant way to improve fertility.
2. Hormonal Treatment
Men can also suffer from hormonal imbalances and abnormalities. These problems can be identified by a fertility specialist through series of tests and can be treated easily with medication or sometimes surgery.
IUI stands for Intrauterine Insemination. When a man has been diagnosed with poor sperm count or other abnormality, they can ejaculate into a cup so the doctor can insert the sperm directly into the woman’s uterus to improve the chances of fertilization. This method gives the sperm a boost in the right direction and less distance to travel.
IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization. Sperm are collected and mixed with eggs from the woman in a laboratory dish. Once the eggs are fertilized by the sperm, they are placed back into the woman. This process is most successful for couples who qualify as candidates and does require the male to have some viable sperm in order for it to work.
When using Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, a tiny needle is inserted into an egg with a single sperm. The fertilized egg is then implanted into the uterus. ICSI is most appropriate for men who have very low sperm counts or whose sperm shape is abnormal.
6. Live a Healthier Lifestyle
Many men experiencing infertility can adopt a healthier lifestyle. Many doctors believe tobacco, marijuana, or alcohol intake contribute to poor sperm production. Eating a well-balanced diet, exercising daily, and maintaining a healthy weight can all help your chances of conception.
One in every three cases of infertility is because of male issues. If this applies to you or your partner, help is available.